2016

 

Roberts, L., González-Alonso, J., Pliatsikas, C., & Rothman, J. (2016): Evidence from neurolinguistic methodologies: Can it actually inform linguistic/ language acquisition theories and translate to evidence-based applications? Second Language Research, DOI: 10.1177/0267658316644010

Abstract

This special issue is a testament to the recent burgeoning interest by theoretical linguists, language acquisitionists and teaching practitioners in the neuroscience of language. It offers a highly valuable, state-of-the-art overview of the neurophysiological methods that are currently being applied to questions in the field of second language (L2) acquisition, teaching and processing. Research in the area of neurolinguistics has developed dramatically in the past twenty years, providing a wealth of exciting findings, many of which are discussed in the papers in this volume. The goal of this commentary is twofold. The first is to critically assess the current state of neurolinguistic data from the point of view of language acquisition and processing—informed by the papers that comprise this special issue and the literature as a whole—pondering how the neuroscience of language/processing might inform us with respect to linguistic and language acquisition theories. The second goal is to offer some links from implications of exploring the first goal towards informing language teachers and the creation of linguistically and neurolinguistically-informed evidence-based pedagogies for non-native language teaching.

Click here to access

 

Pliatsikas, C., & Luk, G. (2016): Executive control in bilinguals: A concise review on fMRI studies. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition DOI: 10.1017/S1366728916000249

Abstract

The investigation of bilingualism and cognition has been enriched by recent developments in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Extending how bilingual experience shapes cognition, this review examines recent fMRI studies adopting executive control tasks with minimal or no linguistic demands. Across a range of studies with divergent ages and language pairs spoken by bilinguals, brain regions supporting executive control significantly overlap with brain regions recruited for language control (Abutalebi & Green, this issue). Furthermore, limited but emerging studies on resting-state networks are addressed, which suggest more coherent spatially distributed functional connectivity in bilinguals. Given the dynamic nature of bilingual experience, it is essential to consider both task-related functional networks (externally-driven engagement), and resting-state networks, such as default mode network (internal control). Both types of networks are important elements of bilingual language control, which relies on domain-general executive control.

Click here to access

Luk, G.& Pliatsikas, C. (2016): Converging diversity to unity: Commentary on The neuroanatomy of bilingualism. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 31:3, 349-352, DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2015.1119289

Click here to access

Advertisements